A board of directors is a group elected by shareholders that represents shareholders and owners and serves as a fiduciary order to protect their investment. They set high-level strategy for the business and oversee management by regularly interacting with and supporting high-level executives, including the CEO. They also develop governance systems by appointing officers to certain posts such as chair or president of the board.

In general, boards are composed of a mix of both outside and inside members. These members have a background in the inner workings of an organisation. They also include qualified people who aren’t employees but are knowledgeable in a specific area. Certain countries have laws that govern the structure of the board of directors of a company. These laws set standards for how many members are elected and how long their terms last.

In general, the board’s primary duties include establishing corporate policies for management and oversight as well as deciding whether or not to issue a dividend, stock options or other programs to repurchase shares; hiring/firing top management, as well as bringing on or firing new board members. They also make crucial decisions regarding buying and merging and also appoint committees that are focused on specific areas like auditing or compensation.

Another key responsibility is protecting shareholder interests by promoting transparency and giving shareholders timely, accurate information, especially when it comes to financial reporting and disclosure. It is therefore crucial that a company has a strong Board of Directors to ensure its success and sustainability. For investors, it’s also important to know the function of a company’s board directors and the way they’re elected because their actions are a significant influence on a company’s profitability.